Ballet is the foundation of all dance forms and will maximize technique and longevity in a career of dance.
It provides grace, poise, and technique needed to be proficient in all other areas of dance.
Ballet classes will help dancers with posture, flexibility, fitness, balance, self-discipline, and self-confidence.
Pointe is the part of classical ballet technique that concerns pointe work,
in which a ballet dancer supports all body weight on the tips of fully extended feet within pointe shoes.
A dancer is said to be en pointe when the dancer's body is supported in this manner,
and a fully extended vertical foot is said to be en pointe when touching the floor, even when not bearing weight.
Pointe work is performed while wearing pointe shoes, which employ structural reinforcing to distribute the dancer's weight load throughout the foot, thus reducing the load on the toes enough to enable the dancer to support all body weight on fully vertical feet.
Jazz dance is the performance dance technique and style that emerged in America in the early twentieth century.
Jazz dance began as an African American social dance that had roots in African slave dances.
Over time, a clearly defined jazz genre emerged, changing from a street dance to a theatrical dance performed on stage due to the work by artists such as Jack Cole (choreographer), Bob Fosse, Eugene Louis Faccuito and Gus Giordano.
The sound is made by shoes that have a metal "tap" on the heel and toe.
There are several major variations on tap dance including: rhythm (jazz) tap, classical tap, Broadway tap, and post-modern tap. Broadway tap is rooted in English theatrical tradition and often focuses on
formations, choreography and generally less complex rhythms; it is widely performed in musical theater.
Classical tap has a similarly long tradition which marries European "classical" music with American foot drumming
with a wide variation in full-body expression.
Post-modern or contemporary tap has emerged over the last three decades to incorporate
abstract expression, thematic narrative and technology.
Hip-hop dance refers to street dance styles primarily performed to hip-hop music or that have evolved as part of hip-hop culture.
It includes a wide range of styles primarily breaking which was created in the 1970s
and made popular by dance crews in the United States.
The television show Soul Train and the 1980s films Breakin', Beat Street, and Wild Styleshowcased these crews and dance styles in their early stages; therefore, giving hip-hop mainstream exposure.
The dance industry responded with a commercial, studio-based version of hip-hop—sometimes called "new style"—and a hip-hop influenced style of jazz dance called "jazz-funk".
Classically trained dancers developed these studio styles in order to choreograph
from the hip-hop dances that were performed on the street.
Because of this development, hip-hop dance is practiced in both dance studios and outdoor spaces.
Contemporary dance is a genre of dance performance that developed during the mid twentieth century
and has since grown to become one of the dominant genres for formally trained dancers throughout the world,
with particularly strong popularity in the U.S. and Europe.
Although originally informed by and borrowing from classical, modern, and jazz styles,
it has since come to incorporate elements from many styles of dance.
Due to its technical similarities, it is often perceived to be closely related to
modern dance, ballet, and other classical concert dance styles.
Samba is the national dance of Brazil.
The rhythm of samba and its name originated from West African slaves.
In 1905, samba became known to the rest of the countries during an exhibition in Paris.
In the 1940s, samba was introduced in America through Carmen Miranda.
The modern ballroom samba dance differs compared to the traditional Brazilian samba
as it was modified as a partner dance.
Samba is danced with a slight bounce which is created through the bending and straightening the knee.
Samba is performed as an International Latin dance.
The cha-cha was originally called the “cha-cha-cha.”
The term came from Haiti and resembled the sound the bells made when rubbed.
It was evolved from the rumbaand mambo in the 1950s.
Since mambo music was quite fast and difficult for some to dance to,
a Cuban composer Enrique Jorrin slowed the music down, and cha-cha was established.
Cha-cha is a flirtatious dance with many hip rotations and partners synchronizing their movements.
The dance includes bending and straightening of the knee giving it a touch of Cuban motion.
Cha-cha is performed for both International Latin and American Rhythm.
Rhumba came to the United States from Cuba in the early 1920s
Rhumba is very polyrhythmic and complex.
It includes Cuban motions through knee-strengthening, figure-eight hip rotation, and swiveling foot action.
An important characteristic of rhumba is the powerful and direct lead achieved through the ball of the foot.
Rhumba is performed for both International Latin and American Rhythm.
The jive is part of the swing dance group and is a very lively variation of the jitterbug.
Jive originated from African American clubs in the early 1940s.
During World War II, American soldiers introduced the jive in England
where it was adapted to today's competitive jive.
In jive, the man leads the dance while the woman encourages the man to ask them to dance.
It is danced to big band music, and some technique is taken from salsa, swing and tango.
Jive is performed as an International Latin dance.
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